Organic farming system is a method of farming system which primarily aimed at sustainable agricultural production in an eco-friendly pollution free environment and being followed from ancient time in India. Organic Production system, keep the environment and ecology alive and in good health by use of natural resources to harness desired agricultural production for human consumption. In Organic production, environment focus is on using naturally available resources as inputs, such as organic wastes (crop, animal and farm wastes, aquatic wastes) and other biological materials along with beneficial microbes (biofertilizers/ bio control agents) to release nutrients to crops and protect them from insect pest and diseases for increased agricultural production.
DEFINITION AS PER USDA: organic farming is a system which avoids or largely excludes the use of synthetic inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides, hormones, feed additives etc) and to the maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection.
DEFINITION AS PER FAO: Organic agriculture is a unique production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity, and this is accomplished by using on-farm agronomic, biological and mechanical methods in exclusion of all synthetic off-farm inputs.
NEED OF ORGANIC FARMING The stress of feeding the growing population pressure on agriculture necessitates not is only to keep agricultural production continuous but to surge it further in sustainable way. Modern conventional farming using pricey chemicals and synthetic inputs is now facing sustained production with high input cost and weakening returns surpluses.